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SMALL WONDER




Car Picture

Published on Thursday 31 July 2014 12:27

Introduction

Some cars make great new buys but lousy used buys. Others never look that sparkling new but come into their own as a used proposition. Then there are those models that people just want, whether they're new or used. Into that category you'd certainly slot the second generation Audi A3, especially in the improved facelifted guise launched in 2009. Its broad appeal ensures strong used demand and while that might mean that genuine bargains are hard to come by, it also ensures a decent amount of choice and, if you buy at the right time, you needn't get taken for a ride. Here's what to look for.


Models

3/5 dr family hatch (1.4, 1.6, 1.8, 2.0 petrol, 1.6, 1.9, 2.0 diesel [SE, Sport, S Line])


History

The original 1996-vintage MK1 Audi A3 changed the way many premium manufacturers thought about small cars. In short, this car made it clear to rivals that to charge top dollar, they were going to have to up their game. This was courtesy of Audi's belt-and-braces design approach. They could have just chopped the back off their compact A4 saloon and created this car: instead, they did the job properly and designed it from scratch.
A second generation version arrived in 2003, continuing the A3's strong sales performance, but in the last few years, Audi has started to feel less comfortable. First, premium rivals like BMW's 1 Series, Mercedes' A-Class and Volvo's C30 began to offer stronger competition. Second, comparably-sized volume models from Ford, Vauxhall and Peugeot amongst others began to approach or even equal the A3's standard of perceived quality, if not its badge equity. In 2009, Audi's response arrived in the shape of a revised A3 model that we consider here. A sleeker car with the kind of technical CV you'd expect to find on something much more expensive, it could be identified by its revised nose and tail styling, with a modified grille and daytime running lights. Common rail 2.0 TDI engines and a seven-speed S tronic dual clutch transmission were introduced and optional "magnetic ride" adaptive shock absorbers were offered. Fuel saving start-stop and recuperation systems were phased in throughout the life of this vehicle, with the 2.0 TDI diesel unit getting this tech in November 2009.
An ultra efficient 99g/km 1.6TDI diesel model was launched at the very end of 2009, at about which time highly regarded vehicle valuation specialist CAP named the Audi A3 'Executive Used Car of the Decade' in its Used Car Awards, acknowledging the major contribution made by the three and five-door hatchback in distilling the premium sector values traditionally reserved for larger prestige cars and introducing them into the compact class.


What You Get

The exterior was tweaked on the revised version of the second generation A3 that we're looking at here, but not in such a radical way that it put the kibosh on the residual value of the pre-facelift model. The front wings and the grille are a little shapelier, the headlights are sharper-looking and the side repeaters are incorporated into the door mirrors. Choose an S line variant and you'll find LED daytime running lights that ape the R8. The changes to the three-door car added 2.5cm to its length, but the five-door Sportback model's dimensions remained unchanged.
The 2009 revisions also saw the interior come in for some treatment, which was needed if this Audi was to retain its perceived quality advantage over much improved versions of more mundane rivals. So it is that this improved A3 upped the ante with more aluminium design elements, revised switchgear, a better quality instrument cluster and a rethink for the upholstery choices. Quattro four wheel drive of course continued to be offered on certain variants. As before, the luggage compartment of the three-door car featured 350 litres of fresh air with rear seats in place and then 1080 litres with them folded. For the five-door Sportback, the respective figures were 370 and 1220 litres.


What You Pay

Refer to Car & Driving for an exact up-to-date valuation section. Click here and we will email it to you.


What to Look For

The Audi A3 has consistently been one of the top used performers on customer satisfaction indices and not a whole lot goes wrong with them. The coil pack issues that plagued the early 1.8-litre petrol engines have been addressed with this generation car, so just look for main dealer service stamps, a sheaf of receipts and check for the usual accident or misuse damage. One of the few original complaints on early models was a troublesome alarm system on early cars, so check this over to make sure it's functional. On the models fitted with low profile tyres, check the expensive alloy wheels for kerbing damage and insist on locking wheel nuts. Other than that, buy with confidence.


Replacement Parts

(approx based on an A3 1.6) Many of the A3's parts prices are surprisingly reasonable. A starter motor is a comparatively inexpensive £175. An alternator costs in the region of £165, and front brake pads should cost £55. A clutch assembly is around £175.


On the Road

The 2009 update to the A3 never revolutionised the way it drove. That was always pretty impressive, with even the humblest models riding on multi-link rear suspension. Instead the engineers concentrated on improving the quality of the driving experience using some high-tech features that had filtered down from loftier points in the Audi range. Audi magnetic ride was one of those. Adaptive action shock absorbers filled with a magneto rheological fluid allow the driver to choose between a comfort-oriented normal mode and a tauter sport mode at the touch of a button. It was an option on more powerful models and may well be the way all cars will one day ride.
The S tronic gearbox added to more expensive second generation A3 models also offered up a glimpse of the future. This twin-clutch sequential transmission can be found fitted to 2.0 TFSI petrol and 2.0 TDI diesel models in six speed form, whereas the 1.6, 1.4 TFSI and 1.8 TFSI petrol engines could be specified with this 'box in seven-speed form. This system can mimic a full automatic gearbox or the driver can blitz through gearchanges at lightning speed using shift paddles mounted behind the steering wheel. The 2.0-litre 140bhp TDI diesel is the variant you'll most commonly find and it offers the sort of performance you'd expect from Audi. It hits 60mph in 9.2 seconds and tops 130mph, which makes it only marginally slower than the equivalent petrol 2.0-litre TFSI.


Overall

The Audi A3 is a great used car. There's no getting round it. There's a lot of stock out there to choose from so don't be railroaded into buying something you're not 100% about. These facelift second generation models should have been serviced on the nose, so there's no excuse for mechanical issues. Many will have lived in town, so you may have to bargain down on some parking scrapes if required. The diesels are in big demand, but don't overlook the economical and charismatic 1.4-litre TFSI petrol unit, especially if you're largely planning to use the car for school runs and shopping.



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